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What Is Return On Assets?

Definition of Return on Assets

  • The return on assets focuses on how profitable a company is in relation to its total assets.
  • The ratio is always presented in the form of a percentage.
  • The higher the ratio, the more efficient and productive a company is.

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What is the Formula for Return on Assets?

  • The return on assets can be calculated by dividing the net income by the average assets.

Net income ÷ Average assets

  • The average total assets can be calculated by adding the beginning and ending total assets and dividing them by 2.

Return on Assets in Practice

  • Harvey’s law firm generates $5,000,000 each year. However, Harvey has to pay $1,200,000 to his partners and employees, $400,000 to utilities, and $300,000 for rent.
  • Harvey’s law firm starts the year with $10,000,000 in assets and ends the year with $9,300,000 in assets. What is the return on assets for the law firm?
  • 5,000,000 – 1,200,000 – 400,000 – 300,000 = $3,100,000
  • (10,000,000 + 9,300,000) ÷ 2  = $9,650,000
  • 3,100,000 ÷ 9,650,000 = 0.321
  • 0.32 x 100 = 32%
  • Therefore, for every dollar assets, Harvey’s law firm invests in will generate 32 cents for the law firm.

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