# What Is Return On Invested Capital?

## Definition of Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

• Return on invested capital is a method of calculation in which you measure the performance of a company in terms of profitability.
• The ROIC is expressed in terms of percentages.
• The ratio also helps you understand how efficient a company is at utilizing its capital to generate returns.
• The more income generated from the investment, the more efficient the company is.
• The ROIC is often benchmarked with other companies in the market.

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## What is the formula for ROIC?

• To find the ROIC, you divide NOPAT by Invested Capital.

NOPAT ÷ Invested Capital

• The NOPAT is the net operating profit after tax.
• NOPAT can be calculated through the following formula:

EBIT x (1 – tax rate)

• EBIT is the earnings before interest and tax.

## ROIC in Practice

• Tony wanted to open up a shop that sells shoes. Tony’s initial investment was \$250,000. Tony’s shoe shop brings in a revenue of \$100,000 and has expenses totaling to \$40,000. The tax rate is 25%. What would the ROIC be?
• 100,000 – 40,000 = \$60,000
• 60,000 x (0.25) = \$15,000
• 60,000 – 15,000 = \$45,000
• 45,000 ÷ 250,000 = 0.18
• 0.18 x 100 = 18%
• Therefore, Tony’s shoe shop has a ROIC of 18%.

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